// SRI RADHA SARVESHVARO JAYATHI //

     /SRI NIMBARKACHARYAY NAMAH.//

SHRI  SUDARSHAN CHAKRAVTAR   BHAGWAN  SHRI  NIMBARKACHARYA

BHAGWAN  SRI NIMBARKACHARYA

 

Due  to  the pleading of the multitude devotees Bhagwan Shri Krishna had directed his favorite weapon– the Sudarshan Chakra in the following manner:

 

 “ SUDARSHANA MAHABAHO ! KOTISURYA SAMAPRABHA ! /

    AGYANDA TIMIRANDHANAM VISHNOR MARGA PRADARSHAYA” / /

 

Meaning :  You (Sudarshan Chakra), resplendent with a crore Suns, quickly take birth on the earth and show the millions of people now steeped in ignorance, the way of the Vaishnava Dharma” by  spreading the knowledge on the path of Bhakti.

 

Sri Nimbarkacharya , the avatar of the Sudarshan Chakra ,was thus born of a great ascetic named Aruna Muni and Jayanti Devin at Vaiduryapattnam, on the banks of the Godavari, in Andhra Pradesh in Southern India, in the eleventh century A.D and named Niyamananda. At the time of his birth as per the Hindu calendar on Yudhishtar year 6 on 15th of the month of Kartik in Mesha Rashi , five planets Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter and Saturn were at Ascendant. After they  performed their son’s sacred thread ceremony they  sent him to Rishikul (School run by Rishi’s) for learning the Vedas, Vedangas, Darshanas, etc.

 

Subsequent to the study he proceeded with family members to Nimbgram , near the Goverdhan hillock , in the holy land of Vraja for doing penance. Here he obtained the “MANTRA UPADESH” from Shri Devarishi Narada and the service of Lord Sarveshvar in the form of  a Shaligram , which was once worshipped by the Sankadi Rishis.

 

When Niyamananda was in his teens, Brahma, the Creator, came to the Ashram of Aruna Muni in the disguise of a Sanyasi. The sun was about to set. The Muni was not in his residence. The Sanyasi asked the wife of the Muni for something to eat.  As no food was available, the Muni’s wife remained silent. As Sanyasi’s do not take their meals after sunset, the Sanyasi was about to leave the Ashram when the Muni returned.

 

Niyamanandacharya said  that he would soon provide him with food and till then the sun would not set. Soon he brought some fruits etc. and provided a glimpse of the sun even after actual sunset by placing his “Sudarshan Chakra” on the Neem Tree, as a part of Athithi Seva—Honour of guests, he being the Avatar of the Sudarshan Chakra. The Sanyasi, who was none other than Brahma, conferred the title of ‘Nimbarka’ (Nim—Neem tree; Arka—Surya or the sun).

 

        Of the many of his literary works , the following are significant:

1. VEDANTA PARIJATA SOURABH—A BAHSHYA ON THE BRAHMA SUTRAS

2. VEDANTA KAMADHENU DASHA SHLOKI

3. MANTRA RAHASYA SHODASHI

4. PRAPANNA KALPAVALLI

5. RADHA ASHTAK

6. PRATA SMARANADHI STOTRA

         The Sutras of Maharishi Veda Vyasa form the basis of Vedanta. From the various interpretations of the same , four  main schools of thought emerged. The Keval Advaita of Sri Sankaracharya , the Visishta Advaita of Sri Ramanujacharya , the Dvaita philosophy of Sri Madhavacharya and the Bhedabheda or Dvaitadvaita philosophy of Sri Nimbarkacharya.  However , Sri Nimbarkacharya has been able to reconcile all the other school of thoughts and his Bhashya on the Brahma Sutras appears to pre-date all other Bashyas on the Brahma Sutras , as there is no reference, comment on the other Bhashyas by Shri Nimbarkacharya . Hence it can be safely construed that Shri Nimbarkacharya’s era is earlier to the other three sampradays of Vaishnavism.

Brindavan, Nandgram, Barsana, Govardhan and Neembgram are the chief Kshetras or holy lands of the followers of Nimbarkacharya. Parikrama of the 168 miles of Brij Bhumi is their foremost duty. To pay visits on different occasions to Sri Nimbarka’s temple in Neembgram, two miles from Govardhan, is their Sampradayik duty.

 

BRIEF ON THE  SUCCESSOR ACHARYAS

Shri Shrinivasacharyaji Maharaj , the foremost disciple of Shri Nimbarkacharya , wrote a masterly analysis of the Vedanta Parijata Sourabh, composed by his Guru,   named           “VEDANTA KOUSTUBH BHASHYA”. The Vedanta Kamadhenu Dashashloki composed by Shri Nimbarkacharya was further explained by Acharya Shri Purushottamacharyaji, under the name of VEDANTA RATNA MANJUSHA , which is well respected. In this tradition , Shri KeshavKashmiriBhattacharyaji  Maharaj elaborated on the Vedanta Koustubh Bhashya in his well received work titled, PRABHAVRITTI. This acharya’s work named KRAMDIPIKA on Tantra is very famous. He is also known for defeating the purpose of the YANTRA placed by Yavan Kaji at the Vishram Ghat in Mathura , by using his own    Yantra, thus upholding the Hindu Culture and also the Vedic Vaishnava Sampradayas.

 

This  Acharya’s main disciple Shri Rasikacharya Shri Bhattacharyaji Maharaj composed the SHRI YUGAL SHATAK in  the language of the Brij people. This famous work is known as the ADI VANI (First Voice) of the language of Braj people.   His disciple  Rasik Rajeshvar Shri HariVyas Devacharyaji Maharaj composed the great literary epic known as MAHAVANI in the language of Braj, which extols the nectarine flow of joy from Nikunj—the  celestial residence of  Radha Madhav. This acharya is also known for sanctifying the Vaishnovi Devi temple at  Jammu , by  giving diksha (Guru Mantra) to Vaishnovi Devi and stopping the practice of her receiving  animal sacrifices. He has also blessed us by composing a detailed explanation of the Vedanta Kamadhenu Dashashloki composed by  Shri Nimbarkacharya, named as  “SIDHANTA RATNANJALI”.

 

The foremost amongst the 12 disciples of Shri Harivyasdevacharyaji Maharaj was Shri Parushramdevacharyaji Maharaj , who was instrumental in establishing the Akhil Bharatiya Shri Nimbarkacharya Peeth at Salemabad in the famous Pushkar Area of Rajasthan. This acharya had  defeated the designs of the famous Tantric Yavan Fakir Mastiganshah and averted  the designs on the Hindu   Religion as such. The acharya has also composed the monumental work called as “PARASHURAM SAGAR” . Legendary Mirabai, the foremost of devotees of Radhe Krishna , received the Guru Mantra and blessing from this acharya and presented her with an idol of Shri Giridhara Gopal to enable her to serve the Lord. This idol is  now installed  at  Shri Parashuram Dvar at Pushkar, which was the meditation place of the Acharya. Interestingly, the Emperor of Delhi , Sher Shah Suri was blessed with an offspring later named as Salem, with the blessings of this acharya. The Emperor overwhelmed with happiness requested the acharya to establish a town named Salemabad, in honour of his son, at the Nimbark Teerth. For this the Emperor had granted 6000 bighas of  fertile and forest land . Subsequent to  India gaining independence, the forest area has been under the  Ministry of Forests, Government of India.

In the tradition of the earlier Acharyas, ShriVrindavandevacharyaji Maharaj composed the great work known as “ SHRI GITAMRIT GANGA”.  The Prince of  Kishangarh, Shri Savansinghji, also known as the prime devotee Shri Nagaridasji , was also this acharya’s disciple.  The mother of the Prince, Shribankavati Vrajkunvari also obtained the Guru Mantra from this acharya and with the blessings of the acharya, converted  the Shrimad  Bhagavat Puran into 20,000 verses in the beautiful work known as ShriVrajdasi Bhagavat., which has recently been published by the the Shri Nimbarkacharya Peeth.

In the same tradition , Shri Govind Sharana Devacharyaji  Shri Shriji Maharaj  has also added to the growing literature by composing the DIVYA VANI. This acharya was instrumental in installing the deity of Radha Madhav, which was revered by Poet Laureate Shri Jayadev –famous for his work –GitaGovind, at  the Shri Nimbarkacharya Peeth at Salemabad. 

Shri Nimarkasharandevacharyaji Maharaj  sent over 300 saints to help defend the ShriVihariji Temple at Bharatpur Fort from the English forces. Most of the saints were killed in the fierce battle., thus rendering glorious service. The guru of the present Acharya , Shri Balakrishna Sharana Devacharyaji Maharaj  provided refuge to Freedom Fighters Thakur Shri Gopalsinghji and Shri Modsinghji when they were incognito.

 

Thus all the acharyas have contributed to the strengthening of the Acharya Peeth by way of Literature, Compositions and spread of this ancient philosophy first propounded by  Bhagwan  Shri Nimbarkacharya for the benefit of all devotees and mankind at large.

      

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ASHTA SAKHIS OF SRI RADHA

SN

NAME

AGE

FATHER

MOTHER

HUSBAND

VILLAGE

1

LALITHA

27 DAYS OLDER THAN SHRI RADHA

VISHOKA

SARADA DEVI

BHAIRAVA

SAKHI STHALI

2

VISHAKA

SAME

PAVANA

DAKSHINA

PAVIKA

KAMAI

3

CHAMPAKALATA

1 DAY YOUNGER

ARAMA

BATIKA

CHANDAKSHA

SUNTHERA

4

CHITRA

26 DAYS ELDER

CATURA

CARVIKA

PITARA

CHIKSOLI

5

TUNGAVIDYA

15 DAYS YOUNGER

PAUSHKARA

MEDHA

BALISHA

DAMALA

6

INDULEKHA

3 DAYS YOUNGER

SAGARA

BELA

DURBALA

ANJANAK

7

RANGADEVI

7 DAYS YOUNGER

RANGASAGARA

KARUNA

VAKRAKSENA

BAJHERA

8

SUDEVI

7 DAYS YOUNGER

RANGASAGARA

KARUNA

 

BAJHERA